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CLAUDE H. BARLOW PAPERS, 1919-1964

Biographical Sketch

Claude H. Barlow (1876-1969) was born in Lyons, Michigan. In his youth he learned a variety of crafts and arts, including metal working, woodworking, and painting, which he later used in scientific research and illustration.

Dr. Barlow attended the University of Michigan from 1899 to 1902 and received an M.D. degree from Northwestern in 1906. Joining the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society in 1908, Dr. Barlow began twenty years of service as a medical missionary in China. He was Customs Medical Officer for the Chinese Maritime Customs in Ningpo, for which his fees went to the hospital and was a surgeon and hospital superintendent in Shaosing. Dr. Barlow received a China Medical Board fellowship to study the human intestinal fluke, which led to a Sc.D. from Johns Hopkins in 1929.

In 1929, Dr. Barlow joined the staff of the International Health Division and was sent to Egypt where he conducted hookworm and schistosomiasis campaigns and did basic snail research. In 1944 he infected himself with schistosomiasis in order to bring viable eggs to Johns Hopkins for study.

With the outbreak of World War II, the Foundation terminated its Egyptian program and Dr. Barlow joined the Egyptian Ministry of Health, where he remained until his retirement in 1951. In 1951, he conducted a snail survey for South Africa and then returned to the United States.

Scope and Content

The Claude H. Barlow Collection covers the period from 1919 to 1964. A photograph collection (#1053) is also available. Important subjects covered in the series are:
  • Bilharzia Snail Destruction Section
  • canal clearance
  • hookworm
  • sanitation
  • schistosomiasis
  • self-infection with schistosomiasis, fluke
  • snail research and studies
  • Fluke
  • copper sulphate
    Among the correspondents are:
  • M. Abdel Azim
  • C. H. Barlow
  • W. W. Cort
  • Ernest Faust
  • J. H. Franklin
  • R. W. Hegner
  • Victor D. Heiser
  • R. T. Leiper
  • James Maxwell
  • Henry Meleney
  • J. Allen Scott
  • Norman R. Stoll
  • Horace Stunkard
  • W. H. Wright
  • Charles Young
Series Description

1. Series 1 - Correspondence, arrangement is chronological
2. Series 2 - Articles, arrangement is alphabetical by title
3. Series 3 - Notes and Research Data, arrangement is alphabetical by topic. This series contains charts, drawings, graphs, statistics, notes and diaries. Photographs have been added to the photograph collection
4. Series 4 - Reports
5. Series 5 - Reprints
6. Series 6 - Maps

Box 1

Series 1 - Correspondence

1 - 1919-1924
2 - 1925-1929
3 - 1930
4 - 1931
5 - 1932
6 - 1933-1934
7 - 1935-1938
8 - 1939
9 - 1940
10 - 1941
11 - 1942-1945
12 - 1946
13 - 1947-1949
14 - 1950-1964

Box 2

Series 2 - Articles

15 - "Anatomy of Bulinus Truncatus"
16 - "Another Bit of Chinese Quackery Vindicated"
17 - "Bilharzia" (reprinted from the Egyptian Gazette, February 13-20, 1951)
18 - "Bilharzia Work in China"
19 - "Bilharzia Work in Egypt"
20 - "Bilharzia, a World Scourge"
21 - "The Bilharzia Snail Control Section"
22 - "The Biology of Planorbis Boissyi and Bulinus Truncatus"
23 - "The Effect of the "Winter Closure" of Water upon Snails involved in Schistosomiasis in Egypt"
24 - "Environmental Studies for the Ezmet Gebel"
25 - "Epidemiological Study of the Royal Estate, Ezbit el Khassa"
26 - "Experimental Ingestion of the Ova of Fasciolopsis Buski; Also the Ingestion of Adult Fasciolopsis Buski for the Purpose of Artificial Infestation" (reprinted from the Journal of Parasitology, September 1921)
27 - "Is There Dermatitis in Egyptian Schistosomiasis?"
28 - "Jasper, Especially Egyptian Banded Jasper, as an Art Medium"
29 - "Life Cycle of Fasciolopsis Buski (Human) in China" (reprinted from the China Medical Journal, June 1923)
30 - "The Life Span and Monthly Mortality Rate of Bulinus Truncatus and Planorbis Boissyi, the Intermediate Hosts of Schistosomiasis in Egypt"
31 - "Monthly Incidence of Infestation of Planorbis Boissyi with Larval Schistosoma Mansoni and Bulinus Contortus with Larval Schistosoma Haematorium"
32 - "A New Method for Examining Urine for Helminth Eggs"
33 - "On the Correct Nomenclature of Bilharzia"
34 - "An Original Device for the Study of Animals in a Water Environment"
35 - "A Preliminary Note on the Life History of Clonorchis Sinensis in Chekiang Province, China" (reprinted from the American Journal of Hygiene, January 1924)
36 - "Preliminary Report on the Development of Fasciolopsis Buski Ova"
37 - "A Project for Working Out the Life History of Fasciolopsis Buski with the Aim of Eliminating Fasciolopsiniasis from China"
38 - "A Reply to Professor Khalil's Article"
39 - "Seasonal Incidence of Snail Infestation with Human Schistosomes in a Limited Area in Egypt"

Box 3

40 - The Snail Hosts of the Human Schistosomes of Egypt (copy of preface from Barlow book)
41 - "Snail Ponds" (reprinted from The Journal of Parasitology, October 1950)
42 - "A Study of the Revival, After Drying, of the Snail Hosts of the Human Schistosomes of Egypt" (includes handwritten manuscript)
43 - "A Suggested Surgical Method for Reducing the Oxygen Tension in the Lungs of Patients Suffering from Advanced Pulmonary Tuberculosis"
44 - "Suggested Problems of Investigation on Snails and Cercariae"
45 - "Technic of Collecting and Examining Specimens"
46 - "A Theory of Egg-Deposition by Bilharzia Haematobia" (reprinted from The Journal of Parasitology, April 1949)
47 - "The Treatment of Fasciolopsiasis" (reprinted from The China Medical Journal, March 1927)
48 - "The Value of Canal Clearance in the Control of Schistosomiasis in Egypt" (includes charts and notes)
49 - "A Voluntary Infection with Schistosoma Haematobium" (reprinted from The American Journal of Tropical Medicine, January 1949)
50 - Miscellaneous Manuscript

Series 3 - Notes and Research Data

51 - Notes, 1930-1932
52 - Notes, 1950-1951
53 - Bilharzia Snail Destruction Section
54 - Clearance Experiment, 1931-1936

Box 4

55 - Clippings
56 - Collection Data, 1934 - Schistosome Incidence in Significant Snails
57 - Copper Sulphate (use of in water supplies)
58 - Daily Deposition of Schistosoma Haematorium Snails
59 - Echinostome Cercaria (notes and drawing, 1923)
60 - El Marg Graphs, 1934-1935
61 - El Marg Revival Studies, 1935
62 - Environmental Studies - Burtus, Badrashein, River Nile, 1935
63 - Environmental Studies - El Marg, 1934
64 - Environmental Studies - El Marg, 1935
65 - Environmental Studies - El Marg, 1936
66 - Environmental Studies - Matawa, 1934-1935
67 - Environmental Studies - Sursock, 1935
68 - Fluke Studies (handwritten notes, drawings and charts)
69 - Miscellaneous Data
70 - Pathological Notes - Dr. Bateman, CMS Hospital, Cairo

Box 5

71 - Personal (includes government passes and calling cards)
72 - Protozoology Drawings, 1929
73 - Self-Infection, 1944 (includes notebook detailing experiment, notes and charts)
74 - Snail Collections, 1929-1932
75 - Snail Collections - Dakhia Oasis, 1930
76 - Snail Measurements
Snail Observations (book)

77 - Snail Survey, 1951 - South Africa
78 - Source Material, 1931-1939

Box 6

79 - Swimming Motion of Schistosomes
80 - Sudan Report, 1931

Series 4 - Reports

81 - Annual Report - Egypt, Bilharzia Snail Destruction Section, 1942-1951
82 - Annual Report - Egypt Hookworm Studies, 1930-1931
83 - Annual Report - Egypt Hookworm Studies, 1932-1933
84 - Annual Report - Egypt Schistosomiasis Studies, 1931
85 - Annual Report - Egypt Schistosomiasis Studies, 1935
86 - Annual Report - Egypt Schistosomiasis Studies, 1936-1938
87 - Annual Report - Egypt Schistosomiasis Studies, 1939-1940
88 - Annual Report - Egypt Endemic Diseases Section, 1937
89 - Bilharzia Committee Minutes, 1939-1940
90 - Bilharzia Snail Control Section
91 - Peking Union Medical College, 1927 (confidential report on state of health in China)

Box 7

92 - Report on Experiments Carried Out by the State Domains Administration with the Object of Comparing the Effectiveness of Different Systems of Land Drainage
93 - Report to the Undersecretary of Public Health on the Problem of Bilharzia Control in Egypt, 1928
94 - Verbatim Report of Informal Meeting on Bilharzia, held at Pretoria on 29th and 30th March, 1951

Series 5 - Reprints

95 - Bibliography and Reprints
96 - Reprints

Box 8

Reprints

Series 6 - Maps

Map #1 - Delta and Fayum, 1931
Map #2 - Chekiang Province, China - Fluke
Map #3 - Chekiang Province, China - Fluke

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