The Rockefeller Archive Center
“If we assist the highest forms of education – in whatever field – we secure the widest influence in enlarging the boundaries of human knowledge.”
—John D. Rockefeller, Sr.
Rockefeller Archive Center Publications Conference Proceedings
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In September of 2000, the Rockefeller Archive Center and the Center for the Study of Philanthropy co-sponsored "Philanthropy and the City: An Historical Overview," a conference that had major funding from the Russell Sage Foundation and from David Rockefeller. Held at two venues, the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and the Rockefeller Archive Center, the conference explored the intersections of philanthropic and urban life across two centuries.

Invited speakers presented original papers that have to this point not been published elsewhere. They are presented here by permission of the authors and the cosponsoring institutions, who retain all rights and privileges of copyright. Papers may be downloaded or printed out solely for personal study.

We are pleased to post the following papers from the conference:

Introduction by Darwin Stapleton

Rockefeller, Religion, and Philanthropy in Gilded Age Cleveland by Kenneth W. Rose and Darwin H. Stapleton, Rockefeller Archive Center

The Urban Philanthropy of Mrs. Russell Sage by Ruth Crocker

Clara Barton and the Formation of Public Policy in Galveston, 1900 by Elizabeth Hayes Turner

The Philanthropic Foundation: The Ambiguities of an Inherently Urban Institution by Barry Karl

Making Public Education Mandatory:The Consequences of a Foundation-Supported Idea in City Schools by Judith Sealander

New York City Museums and the New Deal by Dorothy Browne

Reshaping the Urban Internationale: The U.S. Foundations and International Organization in Municipal Government, Planning and Housing 1920s - 1960s by Pierre-Yves Saunier

The Ford Foundation's Urban Programs Overseas: Changes and Continuities by Francis X. Sutton

New economy philanthropy in the high technology communities of Bangalore and Hyderabad, India: Partnership with the state and the ambiguous search for social innovation by Mark Sidel, University of Iowa College of Law

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